19th Century History: "The Scramble for Africa"
Didb72 on 08/09/2009
|There had been European possessions in Africa since the 16th century (as staging posts, and later connected with the slave trade), but these were mostly small coastal areas around trading ports. Scattered Arab settlements were similarly located along the east coast of Africa, also mainly organised around the slave trade. This limited colonialism seemed to be static until the beginning of the 1880s, which were the starting point of the New Imperialism period that lasted until the outset of WWI. During this period, European nations were engaged in a frantic race to swallow up as much of the world map as possible. "The Scramble For Africa" was the direct result of this race whereby European nations divided Africa and its resources between themselves. Before the 1880s only 10% of Africa was controlled by European powers. Colonies of several nations were located along the coast of West Africa, there were settlements in southern Africa by Dutch, English and Portuguese, and Algeria in the north, conquered by the French. |
The result of the "Scramble for Africa" was that Belgium, Spain, Italy, Portugal, France, UK and Germany had turned into greatly expanded colonising powers within Africa. By 1900 only Ethiopia and Liberia remained free of European control. The "Scramble for Africa" and its consequences was also one of the causes of WWI.
The sources of this quiz are online encyclopedias. This quiz has not been built for speed. It will test your knowledge of history, cinema and geography. Enjoy!
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