Russia in Revolution
Taco24 on 05/04/2008
|The Russian empire at the beginning of the 20th century was ruled by the weak Tsar Nicholas II. This particular Tsar was unable to realize that his country was changing rapidly. Married to the German-born Alexandra, he was perfectly content to play the adoring husband and father to their five children, including the hemophiliac Tsarevich Alexis. Russia’s loss to Japan in the Russo-Japanese War compounded the various problems already found within the empire. These problems included millions of discontented urban dwellers laboring under harsh conditions. A growing middle class was dissatisfied with the level of reform. In addition, millions of formers serfs were operating under a nearly medieval agricultural system. Illiteracy was typically high in this country which saw little need for the children of former serfs to be educated. Repression was a fact of life for the masses. Government-sponsored violence occurred within Estonia and Latvia in 1906 resulting in over 1,000 deaths. Jews, Poles, and German property owners were brutally attacked. Almost 1,000 alleged political prisoners were executed due to sentences by military courts in 1906-07. With the assassination of Prime Minster Stolypin in 1911, the possibility of real reform faded. On top of this, the rise of socialism under the leadership of Vladimir Lenin, who in 1898 formed the Social Democratic Party, appeared to be waiting in the wings. In 1918, their chance arrived. |
The questions in the quiz ask for information on the primary causes, events, people, and results of the Russian Revolution. As always, good luck!
Sources: My notes
Image: Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky
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