The Age of Liberalism and Nationalism-1800-1830
Taco24 on 04/19/2008
|Background-Liberalism became the first Western theory that saw the individual as a self-sufficient being, whose freedom and well being were the sold reasons for the existence of society. The so-called Classical liberals were reformist and political rather than revolutionary in characters. Individuals were entitled to seek their freedom in the case of tyranny. According to John Locke, humans had “natural rights” and governments had a responsibility to protect them. Rights were best protected by a written constitution. For many, a republic was the ideal form of government. Democrats were more willing to use violence to achieve their goals.|
Liberalism influenced revolutions in France in 1830 and 1848. The theory was embodied in over ten constitutions secured between 1815 and 1848 in the states of the German Confederation. Furthermore, it influenced reform within Britain from the 1830s into the 20th century. Liberalism impacted the growth of German nationalism within the student movements of the period. Lastly, some reforms were introduced within the Russian state.
The quiz asks questions relating to the social, political, and intellectual factors of liberalism and nationalism. As always, good luck! Another quiz on the same topic will address Britain and the Revolutions of 1848.
Sources: My notes and also many thanks to Google for some additional answer choices.
Image: Winterhalter’s portrait of Leopold I of Belgium.
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