The Year of Revolutions-1848
Taco24 on 04/22/2008
|Background- Beneath the apparently tranquil surface of the conservative order in Europe, discontent had been simmering for several decades. Then, during the 1840s, economic problems intensified the discontent. The European economies had not fully recovered from the depression of 1837, and in much of Europe the 1840s were appropriately called "the hungry forties." Crop failures increased the misery of the masses, and the workers in Europe's developing industries experienced continuing hardships.|
Workers and peasants did not, however, play the dominant role in the revolutions of 1848. Instead, these revolutions were mainly liberal, middle class, and urban. Western European liberals desired, above all, to establish constitutional governments where the power of monarchs would be limited by elected parliaments and guarantees of civil liberties. This was the liberal ideal that had taken shape during the Enlightenment and the French Revolution. Of the major countries of Europe, only in France did many liberals favor the replacement of the monarchy by a republic. Furthermore, only in France did many liberals embrace the cause of democracy, which included, in particular, universal manhood suffrage. Elsewhere, liberals generally favored property qualifications for voting.
This quiz asks questions relating to the pivotal people, events, and places associated with this period. When possible, I substitute the “oe” or “ue” when faced with the umlauted German spellings as a personal matter of preference. As always, good luck!
Sources: My notes http://special.lib.gla.ac.uk/teach/Bande/caricatures.html
Image: Vanity Fair, Sovereigns No. 1 (Napoleon III)
September 4, 1869 (Vol. 2, p.134)
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