Taco24 on 05/05/2008
|Background-Following the death of Vladimir Lenin in 1924, a power struggle between Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin resulted. Trotsky argued for a more highly trained managerial force in industry and for economic planning as an instrument that the state could use to control social change. Agriculture should be completely mechanized and peasant individualism should be weakened. Trotsky also maintained that only a world revolution would permit Russia to carry socialism to its proper conclusion. Socialism, in other words, could not succeed in one country. There must be either a world socialist revolution or Russian socialism was doomed to failure. |
In opposition to Trotsky, Stalin maintained that socialism was possible within one country. An independent socialist state could indeed exist. What it did mean is that until the world revolution did take place, Russia would have to serve as the world's shining example of socialism. Stalin convinced everyone that the revolution in socialism that he himself had helped to create was a Russian idea, thereby bolstering his overtly nationalist posture. Early in 1925 Stalin and his allies forced Trotsky to resign as Minister of War. Next, Trotsky was expelled from the Politburo. In December 1927, a Communist party congress expelled Trotsky from the party and exiled him to Alma-Ata in Central Asia. With Trotsky exiled from the country, Stalin was now ready to institute his "revolution from above.”
Sources: My notes,
Women under Stalin- http://web.archive.org/web/20040423084233/http:/www.dickinson.edu/~history/dictators/stalin_women.html
Image: Propaganda poster "Great Stalin-a symbol of friendship of nations of the USSR!"
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